Create a self portrait based on ideas such as self esteem, identity, intimacy, heritage, ancestry and cultural background using charcoal sticks and paint.
Focus of attention
The student as an individual.
Portraits by artists such as Van Gogh, Frida Kahlo, Picasso, Andy Warhol and any other portraits or reference, which you find inspiring. Visual references can be easily obtained from the school library or the internet.
Depending on the age group, students will require either more or less time to paint their portraits. Younger students will spend less time painting and their pictures will be less detailed. They will have little concern with adult concepts like space and proportion. Older students will attempt to express and record ideas about themselves in a more detailed way. To assist students to express their ideas visually, follow through with them the four steps of Motivation, Reflection, Perception and Technique.
Prepare for painting their portraits— gather the students in a group and encourage them to talk about the portraits on display, visual references, by asking questions. Base your questions on the steps of art criticism.
Describe: What is the painting about? Is it a portrait? What does the person in the picture look like? Where is the person sitting/standing?
Analyze: What kind of lines, shapes, colors and textures has the artist used?
Interpret: What is the mood? Is this a happy painting? Is the person in the painting sad? How does it make you feel? (tense, energized, calm or relaxed?)
Judge: Do you like this painting? Why?
Help the students to focus their thoughts on themselves by asking questions such as: Who are you? What is home for you? Have you ever felt lonely? Who are your best friends? Where do you play?
Discuss the various features of the face such as the different types of hair, the different shaped noses, the different colored eyes and skin color, and then, ask the students if they can describe them themselves.
Technique – How has the artist applied the paint?
With short brush strokes or with long brush strokes? Has the paint been applied with other tools such as sticks for example? What colors has the artist used? Are the colors dark, or bright, realistic, or expressive?
1. Room arrangements
2. Drawing the face using charcoal
3. Creating texture and shading using charcoal
Using a charcoal stick show students how to draw the face, explaining the position of the eyes, nose, hair line, mouth and ears and part of the upper torso; like the neck and shoulders. (2) Encourage them to create texture and shading using charcoal. (3)
Students start to practice drawing their faces on to cartridge paper with a charcoal stick, looking into a mirror. Allow most of the first session for the students to try to look, to search, to think and to try again until they feel more confident about their portraits. Allow students the freedom and space they require to draw.
Students draw their portraits on the second piece of paper or on the canvas with coloured chalk. Encourage students to execute a simple line drawing of themselves, including a simple background. For the background, suggest that they think about places or things they like for example.
4. Mixing skin tones ready to paint with
5. Applying skin tones to the charcoal drawing
Demonstration on painting technique
Demonstrate how to mix skin-tones, on the piece of paper provided for mixing paint, by starting with white and adding small amounts of yellow, red and then, by adding a small amount of black or blue if they desire a darker skin tone. (4 and 5)
Demonstrate how to use the paint brush to apply the paint and then to clean the paint brush; firstly in water and then wiped clean with a rag to remove any excess before changing colors.
Demonstrate how to paint on paper/canvas by applying paint wet on wet, how to paint using short brush strokes and how to paint using long brush strokes. (6 and 7)
Students start painting by mixing the necessary colors for the skin, hair, eyes and applying paint on to large areas using their medium sized paint brush. Mid-school and upper-school students should be encouraged to add detail, such as lines in the hair, shadows along the nose, the eyes and sides of the face. (8) Younger students should paint the skin color and hair color first and then add detail to their painting.
Display and Evaluate
By the third session, students will be able to display their work and should be encouraged to talk about their self portraits. Use the four steps of art criticism: Describe, Analyze, Interpret and Judge to guide students with their comments.
6. Applying paint using short brush strokes
7. Applying paint using long brush strokes
8. Applying paint using long brush strokes
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